Achyranthes aspera, Qualitative phytochemical screening, Water extract
Introduction: Plant sources are a valuable starting material for drug development. These plants are the potential therapeutic agents, which provide maximum benefits with minimum adverse effects. Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate the qualitative phytochemical analysis of water extract of whole plant excluding root of Achyranthes aspera and 30 potency of the same drug. Methodology: The qualitative phytochemical analysis of water extract of whole plant excluding root of Achyranthes aspera and Achyranthes aspera 30 has been performed to confirm the presence of alkaloid, saponin, phenolic compound, carbohydrate and proteins. Physicochemical constants such as ash, extractive values and moisture content were also determined. Results: The physicochemical analysis showed that the parts of this plant contained total ash value of 9.59% in which the acid-insoluble ash is 2.27%. The extractive values percentage of water-soluble extract is 20.91%. The qualitative phytochemical analysis reveals the presence of carbohydrates, protein, alkaloids, saponins and phenolic compounds in water extract of Achyranthes aspera and Achyranthes aspera 30. The analysis also shows that various bioactive phytochemicals are retained with dilution while preparation of Homoeopathic medicines. Conclusion: Achyranthes aspera in homoeopathic potency 30 contains its bioactive phytochemicals even after being a high dilution (with alcohol) of the original plant.
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How to cite this article
Kushwaha U. Evaluation of qualitative phytochemical analysis of water extract of Achyranthes aspera and Achyranthes aspera 30. Indian J Res Homoeopathy 2019;13(1):37-40. doi: 10.4103/ijrh.ijrh_30_18