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 Table of Contents  
CASE REPORT
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 231-235

A case of gallstone with prostatomegaly


1 Department of Ayush, Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, Krishnanagar, Agartala, Tripura, India
2 Department of Ayush, Medical Officer, Integrated Ayush Hospital, Health and Family Welfare Society, Government of Tripura, Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Unakoti, Tripura, India

Date of Submission21-Oct-2013
Date of Acceptance09-Dec-2014
Date of Web Publication18-Dec-2014

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhijit Chakma
Clinical Research Unit (H), Agartala, Main Road, Colonel Chowmuhani, Krishnanagar, Agartala - 799 001, Tripura
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-7168.147324

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  Abstract 

Gallstone formation is the most common disorder of the biliary tree. Surgical intervention is the choice of treatment in most of the cases. In many occasions, this surgical intervention can be avoided through proper homoeopathic treatment. This case of gallstone with prostatomegaly treated with homoeopathic medicines, reported here is such an example. After going through detailed case-taking and repertorization, initially Sulphur and later on Medorrhinum was prescribed based on symptom totality. The case has been cured in respect of both symptomatologically and pathologically as evident by follow up investigations.

Keywords: Cholecystectomy, Gallstones, Homoeopathy, Individualization, Murphy′s sign, Prostatomegaly


How to cite this article:
Ghosh MS, Shil RC, Chakma A. A case of gallstone with prostatomegaly. Indian J Res Homoeopathy 2014;8:231-5

How to cite this URL:
Ghosh MS, Shil RC, Chakma A. A case of gallstone with prostatomegaly. Indian J Res Homoeopathy [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Nov 21];8:231-5. Available from: http://www.ijrh.org/text.asp?2014/8/4/231/147324


  Introduction Top


Gallstone formation is the most common disorder of the biliary tree and it is unusual for the gallbladder to be diseased in the absence of gallstones. In developed countries, the incidences of symptomatic gallstones appear to be increasing. Gallstones are less frequent in India, Far East and Africa. [1] It is estimated that gallstones are present in 10-15% of the adult population in USA. [2] Gallstones may be present at any age but are unusual before the third decade. The prevalence is two to three times higher in women than men, although this difference is less marked in the sixth and seventh decade. [3] Gallstones are of two major types cholesterol stones (80%) and pigment stones (20%). Pigment stone are again subdivided into "black" and "brown" types. Pigment stones are composed primarily of calcium bilirubinate and contain <20% cholesterol. [4] Brown pigment stones are mostly the consequence of bacterial or parasitic infection in the biliary tree. In chronic hemolytic diseases, formation of black pigment stones occurs. [1] Risk factors for cholesterol stones can be summed up in four Fs-Fat, Female, Fertile (multipara) and Forty. [5] Note- Here word 'Forty' should be kept, not numerical '40'.

Gallstones are asymptomatic in the majority of cases (>80). [2] Over a period of 10-15 years, approximately 20% of these stones produce symptoms. Gallstones usually produce symptoms by causing inflammation (acute cholecystitis) or obstruction following their migration into the cystic duct or common bile duct (Biliary colic) . In biliary colic, the initial site of pain is epigastrium or right upper quadrant of abdomen. Radiation may occur over right shoulder and right sub-scapular region. It begins suddenly and may persist for 30 minutes to 5 hours, subsiding gradually or rapidly. Nausea and vomiting frequently accompany episodes of biliary pain. The pain may be precipitated by eating a fatty meal, consumption of large meal after fasting. It is frequently nocturnal, occurring within few hours of retiring . In acute cholecystitis, the initial features are similar to biliary colic. However, over a number of hours there is progression with severe localized right upper abdominal pain. An episode of biliary pain persisting beyond 5 hours causes suspicion for acute cholecystitis. Pain is associated with tenderness or muscle guarding or rigidity (Positive Murphy's sign tenderness of right upper quadrant of abdomen that is exacerbated by the examiner's right sub-costal palpation during inspiration). [3] As diagnostic aid, ultrasonography is very accurate in the identification of cholelithiasis. Radioisotope scan can accurately identify cystic duct obstruction and simultaneous assessment of bile duct. [4] Cholecystectomy is one of the most common operations performed by general surgeons. [2]

There are few homoeopathic books where considerable numbers of medicines are mentioned covering the pathogenesis of gallstones and enlarged prostate gland. A meticulous search of different literatures and thorough internet sources (i. e., AYUSH Research Portal, Pubmed/Medline, ClinicalTrials.gov, ScienceDirect.com, etc.) reveal very few writings on treatment of gallstones and management of prostate gland enlargement through Homoeopathy, but most of them are of clinical trials with assigned or particular homoeopathic drugs like Fel tauri in the management of cholelithiasis. [6] Works carried out on gallbladder diseases like effects of homoeopathic drugs in gallbladder diseases, [7],[8] post-therapeutic evaluation of gall bladder disease cases by ultrasonograpgy in response to homoeopathic treatment, [9] evidence-based clinical study in cases of cholelithiasis in response to homoeopathic treatment are encouraging for the profession, but need further evaluation. [8] Treating benign prostatic hyperplasia in elderly, [10] a clinical trial on constitutional, organopathic and combined homoeopathic treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy, [11] an evidence-based case study of benign prostatic hyperplasia, [12] analysis and homoeopathic treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy, [13] evidence-based clinical study to assess the usefulness of homoeopathic medicines in patients of benign prostate hyperplasia [14] are few works worthy to mention on prostatomegaly.


  Case Report Top


A man aged 54 years of moderate built attended the Outpatient Department (OPD) with following complaints:

  • Dull pain in back (lumber region) for 1 year with aggravation (<) on walking and amelioration (>) on pressure. This pain started gradually and may be occupational; patient took analgesics when pain gets aggravated
  • Difficulty in passing urine with unfinished, burning sensation for 2 months which may be due to enlarged prostate; more urination during and morning. No treatment adopted so far for this complaint.
  • Mild dull, aching pain in right hypochondria for 3 months; pain may be due to gallbladder stone, having gradual onset and more on exertion, less on rest; no medicine taken yet
  • Burning soles for 3 months; aggravation at night and amelioration by putting feet in water; no medicine taken yet.


Before attending homoeopathic OPD, patient had consulted an allopathic physician for above-mentioned complaints who advised Ultrasonography (USG) of whole abdomen for this complaint. On USG, a biliary calculus of 0.54 cm was detected with prostatomegaly. The size of prostate was 26.3 gm and a residual urine volume of 60.5 cc. The doctor advised patient to undergo surgery. But the patient came for homoeopathic treatment to avoid the surgery.

The patient had chicken pox and typhoid at 7 years and 17 years of age, respectively, with family history of prostatomegaly (father) and hypertension (mother). Patient by occupation is a local mechanic, belonging to low socio-economic group with habit of occasional smoking. His appetite is good, cannot endure hunger which causes irritability; there is increased appetite before attack of any disease. He has desire for sweets, spicy food with aversion to meat. Thirst is more at night with dryness of tongue in the morning after rising from bed; regular bowel movement with mild offensive perspiration on trunk. Patient is hot and has dream of ghosts. Patient was found to be mild, gentle who desires company. On local and systemic examination, no significant findings found except mild pain and tenderness on right hypochondria.

While analyzing the case, general as well as particular symptoms were classified into common, uncommon and evaluated as per their merit. Characteristic mentals, physicals generals, particulars and few diagnostic symptoms were considered for erecting the totality of symptoms. Desire for company, mildness, hot patient, desire for sweets and spices, dream of ghosts, increased appetite before onset of any disease, burning sole, thirst at night, dryness of tongue were important generals, taken for totality. Low back pain, burning in urethra and pain abdomen were the particulars included in the totality. Diagnostic symptoms of gallstones and swelling of prostate gland were also considered for totality. Miasmatic analysis of all the presenting symptoms was processed with the help of Repertory of miasm, [15] which shows the predominance of psora. Considering above symptomatology, synthesis repertory [16] was selected and using RADAR 10 software, [17] systemic repertorization was done. The repertorization chart is given in [Table 1].
Table 1: Repertorization chart I

Click here to view


Treatment and follow-up

Sulphur was prescribed on 1 st visit considering the repertorial totality, and miasmatic background. With change of symptoms, Medorrhinum was prescribed in subsequent follow-up. Patient improved symptomatologically and no stone in gallbladder with absence of prostatomegaly was observed as evident from subsequent USG findings. The details of the follow-up, response of prescribed medicines are given in [Table 2].
Table 2:

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  Discussion and Conclusion Top


In modern medicine, there is very limited scope of conservative treatment for gallstones. The only treatment for symptomatic gallstones is surgery. [2],[20] In asymptomatic cases, they just observe the patient or perform prophylactic cholecystectomy. [2] Homoeopathy is a specialized system of medicine which treats the patient not the disease. [21] Sonologically, disappearance of gallstone is a documentary evidence of cure in the light of modern medicine. In this case, after repertorization, a group of medicines were found and Sulphur, Sepia, Calcarea carb, Phosphorus were the leading remedies. After consultation of Materia Medica, Sulphur was prescribed on the basis of totality of the symptoms. [18],[19],[22],[23],[24] But in next visit, new medicine was prescribed on the basis of some new striking symptoms which the patient previously never felt and those were not symptoms of Sulphur. So, it was necessary to change the remedy depending on the existing totality [25] and thus after fresh case-taking, Medorrhinum was prescribed on the basis of totality of symptoms of the patient marked during 2 nd visit, i. e., acute forgetfulness about the names of people, [26] makes purchases and forgets to bring them, [16] desires sweet, dry nocturnal cough which >lying on abdomen, [16],[26] enlarged prostate [27] and dreams of ghosts. [16] Individualization is the prime and foremost necessity in homoeopathic treatment. In introduction part, it shows that many works were already done on prostatic hyperplasia but very little is documented. Thus, this case of gallstone with prostatomegaly has significance to report and shows that such surgical conditions can be well managed with Homoeopathy. This system of medicine has lots to offer to medical profession, especially where surgical intervention is the primary choice of treatment.


  Acknowledgement Top


Authors are grateful to Dr. Sujit Chakma, MBBS, MS for his valuable suggestions and supplying required books and journals to us.

 
  References Top

1.
Bouchier IA, Finlayson ND, Richmond F. Liver and biliary tract disease. In: Boon NA, Colledge NR, Walker BR, Hunter JA, editors. Davidson′s principles and practice of medicine. 20 th ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier Ltd; 2006. p. 991-2.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Conlon K. The gall bladder and bile ducts. In: Williams NS, Bulstrode CJ, O′Connel PR, editors. Bailey and Love′s short practice of surgery. 25 th ed. London: Edward Arnold (Publishers) Ltd; 2008. p. 1119-21.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Burroughs AK, Westaby D. Liver, biliary tract and pancreatic disease. In: Kumar P, Clark M, editors. Kumar and Clark′s clinical medicine. 17 th ed. New York: Saunders Elsevier Ltd; 2009. p. 368.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Greenberger NJ, Paumgartner G. Diseases of the gallbladder and bile ducts. In: Kasper DL, Fauci AS, Longo DL, Braunwald E, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, et al., editors. Harrison′s principles of internal medicine. 17 th ed. vol. II. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division; 2008. p. 1992-4.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Mohan H. Textbook of pathology. 5 th ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd; 2008. p. 359.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Manchanda RK, Paul VK, Singh K, Oberai P, Sharma A, Mishra A. Fel tauri in the management of cholelithiasis. Clinical Research Studies - Series II. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH); 2009. p. 7-13.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Gupta G. Effects of homoeopathic drugs in gallbladder diseases. Indian J Homoeopath Med 1989.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Sarkar S. Reminiscence CCRH quarterly bulletin. Vol. 11. 1989. Indian J Res Homoeopath 2014;8:175-6. Note- Here volume no is 8 and issue no 3 of IJRH, 2014.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Gupta G. Post-therapeutic evaluation of gall bladder disease cases by ultrasonograpgy in response to homoeopathic treatment [Internet]. Asian Homoeopathic Journal. 1996. Available from: www.njhonline.com/abstarct/synopsis97v2shtml. [Last updated on 1996; cited on 2014 Nov 25].  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Reddy GR, Singh V, Oberai P, Nayak C. Treating benign prostatic hyperplasia in elderly men. Indian J Res Homoeopath 2009;3:37-43.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Hati AK, Paital B, Naik KN, Mishra AK, Chainy GB, Nanda LK. Constitutional, organopathic and combined homeopathic treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy: A clinical trial. Homoeopathy 2012;101:217-23.  Back to cited text no. 11
    
12.
Gupta G, Singh S. An evidence based case study of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Indian J Res Homoeopath 2012;6:26-30.  Back to cited text no. 12
    
13.
Weinstein C. Benign prostatic hypertrophy: Analysis and homoeopathic treatment. J Am Inst Homoeopath 2008;101:149-55.  Back to cited text no. 13
    
14.
Gupta G, Singh JP, Tandon S, Singh S, Nayak C, Singh H, et al. Evidence based clinical study to assess the usefulness of homoeopathic medicines in patients of benign prostate hyperplasia. Indian J Res Homoeopath 2010;4:49-56.  Back to cited text no. 14
    
15.
Patel RP. Repertory of miasms. Indian ed. Kerala: Hahnemann Homoeopathic Pharmacy; 1996. p. 11, 62, 372, 436, 441, 476, 505, 583, 603, 814, 1012, 1157, 1242.  Back to cited text no. 15
    
16.
Schroyens F. Repertorium homoeopathicum syntheticum. 9.1 Version. New Delhi: B Jain Publishers (P) Ltd; 2004. p. 40, 663, 782, 847, 884, 1052, 1060, 1210, 1225, 1481, 1770, 1951, 1957-8, 1966.  Back to cited text no. 16
    
17.
RADAR 10. Archibel Homoeopathic Software. Belgium. 2009.  Back to cited text no. 17
    
18.
Hahnemann S. The chronic diseases, their peculiar nature and their homoeopathic cure. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers (P) Ltd; 1999. p. 1460-524.  Back to cited text no. 18
    
19.
Herring C. The guiding symptoms of our materia medica. 7 th impression. vol. 10. New Delhi: B Jain Publishers (P) Ltd; 2010. p. 96-193.  Back to cited text no. 19
    
20.
In: Anthony JS, editor. The Gale encyclopaedia of surgery: A guide for patients and caregivers. vol. 1. New York: The Gale Group; 2004. p. 293.  Back to cited text no. 20
    
21.
Hahnemann S. Organon of medicine. 5 th ed. New Delhi: B Jain Publishers (P) Ltd; 2010. p. 63-4.  Back to cited text no. 21
    
22.
Gibson DM. Studies of homeopathic remedies. BHJ; 1987. (Available from: Encyclopaedia homoeopathica. RADAR 10).  Back to cited text no. 22
    
23.
Murphy R. Homoeopathic medical repertory. 3 rd revised ed. New Delhi: B Jain Publishers (P) Ltd; 2010. p. 901.  Back to cited text no. 23
    
24.
Vermeulen F. Concordant materia medica. New Delhi: Indian Books and Periodicals Publishers; 2001. p. 920-9.  Back to cited text no. 24
    
25.
Kent JT. Lectures on homoeopathic philosophy. New Delhi: B Jain Publishers (P) Ltd; 2005. p. 239.  Back to cited text no. 25
    
26.
Allen HC. The mateia medica of the nosodes with proving of the x-ray. New Delhi: B Jain Publishers (P) Ltd; 2007. p. 295-344.  Back to cited text no. 26
    
27.
Ghegas V. Medorrhinum. New Engl J Hom 1996;5. (Available from encyclopaedia homoeopathica. RADAR 10).  Back to cited text no. 27
    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2]



 

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