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 Table of Contents  
CASE REPORT
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-94

Treatment of post-burn hypertrophic scar with homoeopathic medicine


1 Homoeopathic Treatment Center, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, Headquarters, New Delhi, India

Date of Submission26-Apr-2013
Date of Acceptance26-Jul-2013
Date of Web Publication17-Aug-2013

Correspondence Address:
Vaqar A Siddiqui
Scientist-4, Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, Hqrs, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-7168.116634

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  Abstract 

Hypertrophic scar (HSc) is a dermal fibro proliferative disorder that occurs following trauma, inflammation, surgery, burns, and sometimes spontaneously. This is a case report of a 23 year old male with post-burn HSc after acid burn injury on his left jaw. The homoeopathic medicine Silicea was prescribed in 30 th potency on the basis of the totality of symptoms followed by repertorization; though only three doses of Silicea were prescribed at baseline during the course of treatment followed by placebo, there was a marked improvement in HSc as well as in associated complaints.

Keywords: Burn scar, Hypertrophic scar, Homoeopathy, Silicea


How to cite this article:
Arya BS, Siddiqui VA, Dixit RP. Treatment of post-burn hypertrophic scar with homoeopathic medicine. Indian J Res Homoeopathy 2013;7:91-4

How to cite this URL:
Arya BS, Siddiqui VA, Dixit RP. Treatment of post-burn hypertrophic scar with homoeopathic medicine. Indian J Res Homoeopathy [serial online] 2013 [cited 2018 Dec 10];7:91-4. Available from: http://www.ijrh.org/text.asp?2013/7/2/91/116634


  Introduction Top


Annually about two million people suffer from various modes of burn injuries worldwide, of whom more than a lakh die. In India, about 60,000 people suffer from burns annually, more than 50,000 are treated in hospitals, and about 10,000 succumb to thermal injury. Every year, a substantial proportion of deaths in India occur due to burn injuries. Prolonged morbidity as well as temporary and permanent disability due to burns results in a heavy economic loss. Scarring secondary to burns leads to a multitude of adverse medical consequences including loss of function, restriction of joint mobility, restriction of growth, altered appearance, and adverse psychological effects. [1]

HSc scarring after burns remains a major problem and is considered to be common. Although hypertrophic scarring commonly occurs following burns, many aspects such as incidence of and optimal treatment for scar hypertrophy remain unclear. [2] Pressure garments are commonly used as treatment even though there is little sound data that they reduce the prevalence or magnitude of the scarring. [3]

Homoeopathic medicines like Arnica and Staphysagria have demonstrated a significant role in wound healing and cicatrization process, concluded in a recent animal model study. [4] As per the literature available, it is seen that homoeopathic medicines had positive effects on scar resolution but the scientific studies for showing its effectiveness are rarely found. A case report of post-burn HSc is presented here with a positive effect of the homoeopathic medicine Silicea in reducing the HSc. This case is an attempt to document the usefulness of homoeopathic treatment in post-burn scars. An increasing number of such cases will create an adequate database to enable a well-designed research study in this area.


  Case Report Top


A young male of 23 years of age, an unmarried cloth merchant, suffered from acid burn on the left side of the face and left shoulder seven months previously when walking on the road. It was 4.5% burn as per the past reports of the Burn Department of Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi. He was treated by allopathy with minimal improvement. Subsequently, he developed HSc on the left jaw since one month. He consulted at the outpatient department of the Homoeopathic Treatment Centre, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi. Presenting complaints were HSc post-burn scar since one month on the left jaw with severe itching, worsening at night and during perspiration. Pain was of a stitching type along with marked redness of the region [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Before the treatment

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The patient had a history of pneumonia in childhood and was treated with conventional medicines. Family history revealed nothing except filariasis in his mother. The patient was thin and tall in appearance with decreased thirst and appetite. He was habitually constipated with constant desire for defaecation. During physical and systemic examination, nothing abnormal was found. He lacked confidence in his work. When angry, he threw things. He sweated profusely during the daytime specially in morning leaving white stains on his cloths; he had disturbed sleep till midnight. In general, heat aggravated the patient's symptoms.

The Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) [5] , an internationally accepted scale for assessing scars, was used during pre and post-treatment assessment of HSc in this case. VSS [Table 1] consists of four variables: Vascularity, height (thickness), pliability, and pigmentation. In this case report, "Patient's VSS"- was used for the assessment of symptom of Itching. Each variable has four to six possible scores. The total score ranges from 0 to 16, where score 0 reflects normal skin. VSS score of this patient was 13 at baseline on October 23, 2010 and this reduced to 2 on February 4, 2011 during three months of follow-up with seven visits [Table 1].
Table 1: Follow‑up chart as per vancouver scar scale

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Selection of medicine was based on totality of symptoms of the patient and the final medicine was selected after repertorization in consultation with homoeopathic materia medica. Three doses of Silicea 30 were prescribed the first day followed by placebo twice a day for 15 days before the first follow-up. Placebo was continued, as improvement continued after the first follow-up. The following rubrics were selected for repertorization (chart is attached in [Table 2]):
Table 2: Repertorization chart

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MIND - ANGER - violent
MIND - CONFIDENCE - want of self-confidence
STOMACH - THIRSTLESS
STOMACH - APPETITE - diminished
RECTUM - CONSTIPATION - constant desire
PERSPIRATION - PROFUSE - morning
PERSPIRATION - STAINING the linen
PERSPIRATION - ODOUR - offensive
SLEEP - SLEEPLESSNESS - night - midnight - before
SKIN - CICATRICES-painful-stitching
SKIN - ITCHING - night
SKIN - ITCHING - perspiration - agg.


  Results Top


The patient was followed up on every 15 th day and the VSS score was filled after observation of the scar and measurement of its height. The score reduced from 13 to 2 in three months of follow-up and showed 84.6% improvement (marked improvement) in the scar [Figure 2]. Follow-up schedule is shown in [Table 1] as per the VSS score. This result shows the usefulness of the homoeopathic medicine Silicea in HSc. Redness, itching, and height of scar are reduced as shown post treatment [Figure 2] after the prescription of Silicea compared to the pretreatment stage [Figure 1].
Figure 2: After the treatment

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  Discussion and Conclusion Top


It is known that Arnica is a useful remedy in injuries and in after effects of injuries. In the literature on burn cases, the usefulness of homoeopathic medicines like Cantharis and Aconite is found. [6] One of the studies conducted to see the effects of Cantharis as an analgesic in 34 cases of minor burn found that Cantharis was effective in alleviating pain. [7]

Strong evidence of homoeopathic treatment for HSc burn scar is not found in the literature, except in one article by Dr. Foubister, Homoeopathy and Scar Tissue, [8] where he discusses his experience and the comments of stalwarts in such cases. In homoeopathic materia medica, medicines like Graphites, Silicea, Nitric acid and so on are described for use in scar dissolution. [6]

In this case report, the patient showed improvement after the homoeopathic medicine not only in the scar but also in other associated complaints; stools became satisfactory, appetite and sleeping pattern improved, and so on. Only three doses of Silicea 30 were prescribed at baseline during the whole period of treatment. Pigmentation, height, vascularity, pliability, and itching of HSc improved markedly with the homoeopathic medicine.

In the conventional system, silicone gel or sheath are used for the treatment of HSc; [9] coincidentally, in this case, potentized Silicea was prescribed on the basis of the totality of symptoms with marked improvement. It is interesting to know that the silica as a substance is useful in HSc scar treatment in a crude form like gel as well as in homoeopathic potency. However, phases of scar evolution can be protracted, and a tremendous range exists between the time that a scar becomes hypertrophic in the first few months to the time that it completely resolves with little or no treatment. [10] In this case report also, we cannot exclude the chances of spontaneous resolution of scar or resolution due to delayed response to allopathic treatment. Though the homoeopathic treatment has shown favourable results in this case, in the future, randomized controlled trials with larger sample size are required for validation of the effects of the homoeopathic treatment.


  Acknowledgments Top


The authors express their heartfelt gratitude to the former Director General Prof. (Dr.) C. Nayak and the present Director General of the Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH), Dr. R. K. Manchanda for their continued guidance and encouragement. They also gratefully acknowledge the patient who co-operated wholeheartedly during the treatment.

 
  References Top

1.Meenakshi J, Jayaraman V, Ramakrishnan KM, Babu M. Keloid and hypertrophic scar: A review. Indian J Plast Surg 2005;38:175-9.  Back to cited text no. 1
  Medknow Journal  
2.Bloemen MC, van der Veer WM, Ulrich MM, van Zuijlen PP, Niessen FB, Middelkoop E. Prevention and curative management of hypertrophic scar formation. Burns 2009;35:463-75.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Bombaro KM, Engrav LH, Carrougher GJ, Wiechman SA, Faucher L, Costa BA, et al. What is the prevalence of hypertrophic scarring following burns? Burns 2003;29:299-302.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Alecu A, Alecu M, Mãrcus G. Effect of thehomoeopathic remedies Arnica montana and Staphysagria on the time of healing of surgical wounds. Cultura Homeopática 2007;20:19-21.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Draaijers LJ, Tempelman FR, Botman YA, Tuinebreijer WE, Middelkoop E, Kreis RW, et al. The patient and observer scar assessment scale: A reliable and feasible tool for scar evaluation. Plast Reconstr Surg 2004;113:1960-5.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.Boericke W. Pocket Manual of Homoeopathic Materia medica and repertory. Rep. ed. New Delhi: B Jain Publishers; 1998.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.Leaman AM, Gorman D. Cantharis in the early treatment of minor burns. Arch Emerg Med 1989;6:259-61.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.Foubister DM. Homoeopathy and scar tissue observations on the influence of certain potentized substance on scar tissue. Br Homoeopath J 1975; 60-64.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.Van den Kerckhove E, Stappaerts K, Boeckx W, Van den Hof B, Monstrey S, Van der Kelen A, et al. Silicones in the rehabilitation of burns: A review and overview. Burns 2001;27:205-14.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.Atiyeh BS. Nonsurgical management of hypertrophic scars: Evidance-based therapies, standard practices, and emerging methods. Aesthetic Plast Surg 2007;31:468-92.  Back to cited text no. 10
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]
 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2]



 

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   Abstract
  Introduction
  Case Report
  Results
   Discussion and C...
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